Preservation in Mississippi has actively followed the progress of Prospect Hill Plantation since 2009, when Malvaney posted “An Important House Needs Our Help.” Since 2011, Prospect Hill has been owned and slowly but steadily restored by The Archaeological Conservancy, spearheaded by The Conservancy’s Southeast Regional Director Jessica Crawford. Prospect Hill Plantation was immortalized in Alan Huffman’s book, Mississippi in Africa. Earlier this month, Huffman spotlighted another endangered antebellum plantation that needs to be rescued: Georgiana Plantation, near Cary in Sharkey County.
In a January 8 post, “Saving Georgiana,” Huffman chronicles the plantation house’s long history. As stated before on Preservation in Mississippi, despite its reputation, the Delta was never an antebellum plantation kingdom. The Delta was composed of far too much primordial swamp for that to occur until widespread drainage projects in the late 19th and early 20th Centuries. Some antebellum settlement did occur but only in scattered pockets with an ever dwindling number of extant buildings. This makes Georgiana an especially important house as it was constructed circa 1840. Not only is it a rare antebellum Delta plantation, but it is an unusual raised cottage with a lower-ceilinged brick first floor, a cypress log second “main” floor, and a frame half story under the side gable roof. Stylistically, vernacular is the best description. It has massing similar to Greek Revival raised cottages of similar age but no Greek Revival detailing.
After roughly 175 years, Georgiana is feeling the effects of time and requires prompt restoration efforts. Its owner realizes that and wishes to see the house preserved. From Huffman’s post:
Charles Weissinger, whose family owns Georgiana and who farms the surrounding land, hopes to find a way to bridge that gap, to preserve the house as a valuable remnant of the Delta’s long and complicated history — and avoid the fate suffered by so many other vanished historic structures in the area. In Weissinger’s view, “Georgiana is the number-one unaddressed house in Mississippi” when it comes to endangered historic sites.
Because Georgiana and the last of its adjacent slave cabins are deteriorating, Weissinger said his family has decided to offer the structures and surrounding acreage to an individual, agency or group that will restore and protect them – for free. “My father talked to family members about restoring the house, but no one had the money,” Weissinger said. “If someone agreed to preserve Georgiana in perpetuity, we’d be willing to donate it,” he said.
Anyone with experience restoring and maintaining historic buildings knows that “free” is a relative term, but there is no question that Georgiana is worthy of preservation. The house and its outbuildings are the only surviving antebellum structures in the area, and fill an otherwise empty niche in the state’s architectural inventory: That of a rustic, absentee plantation home with matching slave quarters that illustrates the workings of an antebellum cotton empire in its original context and setting.
Weissinger is likely correct in that Georgiana Plantation is Mississippi’s most ignored historic house. It is not listed on the National Register, and the MDAH HRI listing has some photographs from 2008 but no architectural or historical information. With a restoration of the highest quality, it is possible that Georgiana would not only qualify for the National Register but also as a National Historic Landmark since antebellum plantation landscapes with intact slave cabins are so rare.
This is an incredible opportunity to preserve one of Mississippi’s rarest types of historic buildings: antebellum Delta plantations. As Huffman discusses in his post, Georgiana is the last antebellum plantation remaining in the area with its contemporaries falling victim to weather, neglect, disinterest, and architectural salvage as recently as the 1980s (not including Altorf Plantation in nearby Brunswick, Warren County which was demolished in 2011). As we have seen with Prospect Hill, the challenges in raising the funds to do needed repairs will be difficult but not insurmountable for an individual or group of committed historic preservationists. Hopefully, either a newly formed or long established preservation group or a well heeled individual will commit to taking on this restoration project.
Categories: Abandoned Mississippi, Antebellum, Delta, Demolition/Abandonment, For Sale, Historic Preservation, Vernacular Architecture
This is an extraordinary discovery for me — my aunt by marriage, Ethel Goodman Wade (Mrs. William Stacy Wade) lifelong resident of Cary, took my mother and me to visit Georgiana many years ago. I live abroad and regret not having the means to contribute to this worthy project. Happy to keep informed.
Ethel Goodman Wade was my aunt (my father’s sister), and I spent a lot of time with her ( Aunt Toot) and Uncle William down at Cary. I still live here in Sharkey County and have been out to Georgeanna many times. Did any of the Goodmans ever live out there? I know Dr. Burleigh and Dr. Samp Goodman owned a lot of land out there. You know anything about this? Henry Goodman
Hello — I just saw your reply — months later! Thank you and pleased to hear from Aunt Ethel’s family (the name “Toot” comes back to me!). I don’t know, but I thought at the time Aunt Ethel took us there that it was part of her family history. Sorry not to have further details. I very much miss her and my Uncle William — he, and my Uncle Charlie, his older brother, both passed away in their 60’s, way too early, but Aunt Ethel was with us into the 1980’s, and my mother and I were able to visit her often at Wade’s Woods in Cary. She was always a favorite in our family. All the best.
Considering the important and violent history written up by Huffman, I hope that someone has notified the Slave Dwelling Project to inform a larger network.
The “violent history” occurred in Liberia(Sierre Leone), not Claiborne county.
The owners of the plantation made peaceful efforts by providing that he plantation be sold at their deaths, and that the proceeds from that sale be distributed to the to liberated slaves. The former slaves had a choice: either remain here, or accept voluntary colonization back to Liberia through the efforts of The American Colonization Society…much like the Marcus Garvey solution proposed by Senator Bilbo.
Hot off the presses – Georgiana is the subject of an article in Mississippi Heritage Trust’s latest edition of Elevation. We were honored to have Alan Huffman write the article as only he can do. We wholeheartedly agree that this is a vital and most worthy project for preservationists – low-heeled or high! We stand at the ready as always to help further this project in anyway we can. Our 10 Most Endangered List for 2017 debuts in October and this vehicle for advocacy and awareness is one of many tools in our toolbox. We stand by W. White in his/her keen observations written in today’s post. We ask that all and any join us and stellar preservationists like Alan Huffman in saving this rare treasure of our past – good, bad or ugly – it has a story to tell.
Elevation may already be in your mailbox or contact us to be included on our mailing list. The edition will also be added to our website shortly. http://www.mississippiheritage.com
My Grandmother’s home stood adjacent to this treasured site (until my cousins burned down the house cooking bologna sandwiches). Such childhood memories came back from reading this article.
I would be interested in acquiring a property such as this. I have recently restored the Jones Mansion in merigold, Ms. Ample funds are available for renovating a property with a Delta historical heritage of this particular property. I may be reached at email@example.com. Thank you.
My husband and and I just drove through Cary. You can feel how deep the history is here. So many incredible, old homes. We came through during one of the most beautiful sunsets I have ever witnessed. It looked as if the entire sky was on fire. So beautiful. Is the restoration project complete? It’s like a book you would love to see how it ends.
Yes, Georgiana Plantation’s restoration is complete. This Flickr photograph album by JRR2000 group shows the plantation last month.
I’m Pauline Newell the oldest daughter of Mr and Mrs John and Elnora Newell of Cary ,Mississippi,, my father worked for Mr Charlie Weissinger as a young man providing for his family and my Siblings and I have lots of memories of this house you speak of as a young girl several of us curious ventured ithrew the fence surrounding the house and pecan orchid told as children to stay away but being a child curiosity got the best of us when our parents wasn’t around .. the bottom floor was cool dirt to our feets we entered the ground floor looked in to our right there was a large fireplace and we all agreed it was for cooking so it had to be the kitchen on the ground floor in the center of the house was a well of sort type and a rusty chain hanging over the hole the dirt was soft and we dared not to get closer but did throw several bricks to hear if it was bottomless or not we stood there listening if the brick made a splash we heard nothing we later wondered was it a well or a way of removing a slave’s body unknown to others slaves we felt chills quickly moving into a stair way but the stairs had fallen being a tomboy and showing my brothers i could do whatever they could we placed our hands on the wall shoesless managed our way up to the landing the rooms were large and we quickly looked around til there was nothing more to see the like we went up came back down and quickly left before mr Charlie caught us and told our dad but on another trip he did catch us and not knowing if the floor of the back porch would hold us we decided to jump me and two of my Siblings we were Pure Dare Devils ,,and you can bet yes we got punished Bigtime when dad came home from work late that evening I witnessed some of the rebuilding and the whole house lifted from the ground we often drive by me and my grandsons and I tell them how I jumped off that porch got pictures of some the bringing and some the end results of Georgia rebirth 🙌🏾❤️