MissPres News Roundup 7-27-2015

Remember the good ol’ days when we could take a week or two off from news roundups in the summer and not miss much? Those days are gone, my friend, and things have been hopping, and not in a good way, in the last couple of weeks.


Leland Underpass

Let’s get the bad news out of the way. The railroad underpass on Highway 82 at Leland is being demolished and the roadbed raised, according to the Delta Democrat Times article that a MissPres reader passed along to me

The railroad overpass opened in 1935. At that time, U.S. 82 was a two-lane highway.

Today, the railway is no longer functional and the underpass has presented safety, traffic and commercial problems for the city of Leland. The state Department of Transportation sees no need for the bridge to remain.

The project is expected to be complete by August 2016. Two remaining underpasses that I can think of are the underpass on Highway 49 coming into Greenwood, which is listed on the National Register, and the railroad underpass on Highway 80 in Jackson, probably also built in the 1930s.


It’s been several weeks since Meridian tore down a building in its downtown, so they were overdue. Luckily, the Meridian Star tells us that Citizen’s National Bank came through, demolishing a building at the corner of Sixth Street and Constitution Avenue, across from the county courthouse. Admittedly, this c.1940 building was no great shakes, and anyone who’s been in downtown Meridian lately knows that they need more parking lots and fewer buildings. Plus, there will be an iron fence, so it will be pretty.


Hugh Craft Cottage (c.1839), Holly Springs

Hugh Craft Cottage (c.1839), Holly Springs

Not to be outdone, Holly Springs aldermen have voted to demolish several “old structures,” according to the South Reporter. Preserve Marshall County’s Facebook page points out that one of the “old structures” in question, an 1830s house on the City Hall lot, is in fact a Mississippi Landmark and was the original home of Hugh Craft, surveyor and early settler:

The unassuming “little white house” in question, whose fate seems to be in the balance with the City of Holly Springs has a notable role in Holly Springs’ earliest years. Its original site was where City Hall is now and this house relocated in approximately 1924 to its present site, I suppose to give the new City Hall more prominence when it was built (according to Sanborn Insurance Maps) in 1925. So, in the first quarter of the 20th century, town leaders saw intrinsic value in this domicile – a tangible artifact of Holly Springs’ earliest days and decided to retain it on site, thus continuing this traditional role of envisioning the town’s future, while respecting its past. The loss of one historic structure at a time steadily erases that refined vision of our founders and in time, the subtraction of those attributes which make Holly Springs unique will leave it with little to recommend itself.


We have three rare business history articles this time around, so even though this is also a demolition article, I’m counting myself happy about it rather than sad. This one titled “Iconic Greenville Lumber Company Razed” was in the Clarion-Ledger, reprinted from the Delta Democrat Times. Located on Highway 82, the building is not one I recall, but the article gives a good history of a company that played a significant role in Greenville’s post-WWII architectural history. Dave Sherman and his father-in-law Pete Sarullo, a Sicilian immigrant, started the construction firm in 1952.

Over the next 25 years, Greenville Lumber built many of the subdivisions in Greenville. [John] Black said it built at least two-thirds of the houses in the city.

In an effort to branch out, Greenville Lumber began to bid on commercial construction contracts, Black said in his book. Among the many built were the William Alexander Percy Memorial Library, St. Joseph’s Catholic Church Parish Hall, Greenville Garden Apartments, North Theobald Apartments and many other buildings around Mississippi.

According to the MDAH Historic Resources Database, they also built Edna Horton Hall (1968) and Leflore Hall (1970) at Mississippi Valley State University, and renovated the old library at Delta State into Fielding Wright Art Center (1978). This article also introduced me to a local historic book I hadn’t known before, John Black’s Faith of Our Fathers.


4.2The Hattiesburg American took “A look back” at the Hercules plant on Seventh Street, which began on 100 acres in 1923 as Hercules Powder Company. Its Wilmington, Delaware owner made gunpowder, but the Hattiesburg plant concentrated on extracting rosin from the stumps left on cut-over pine lands and producing chemicals such as pesticides and food additives. According to the article, the plant had 1,400 employees in 1974, and was producing over 250 varieties of chemicals, but it closed in 2009, after the company changed management, and much of the manufacturing had been transferred elsewhere. You’ve probably noticed the massive plant on the north side of Hattiesburg, or at least have stopped your car in front of the gorgeous but vacant former Hercules Cafeteria, built in the late 1930s. Here’s hoping that the environmental cleanup that’s currently underway will leave this building clean and ready for a new life.


Speaking of large, historic industrial sites, Natchez mayor Butch Brown is in discussions with Titan Tire Company to vacate the large plant that has been essentially out of operation since 2001. I was surprised to know that the City owns this property, but apparently it has owned it and leased it to a series of manufacturers since it was built in 1938. According to the Natchez Democrat:

It started out as the Armstrong Tire Co. under the Balancing Agriculture with Industry Program, a long-term lease program that allowed the city to take out a bond to purchase the property in order to encourage industrial growth.

In 1986, when Armstrong closed its Natchez plant, some of the management of Armstrong formed the Condere Corp. and bought the plant out, renaming it Fidelity Tire.

After Condere went bankrupt in 1998, Titan Tire purchased the plant.

Mayor Brown indicates he would like to sell the property, but doesn’t say whether the Art Moderne structures, designed by Jackson architect Jack Canizaro and published in Architectural Concrete, would remain. You can read that article in “1930s Industrial History in Natchez” and also be sure to scroll down to Kathleen Jenkins’ remarks about the importance of the Armstrong plant in Natchez’ civil rights history.


Also in Natchez, one of my favorite houses, Auburn, is suffering from long-term water damage to its front columns, according to the Democrat. Auburn is owned by the City of Natchez but managed by a non-profit group, Auburn Antebellum Home. Estimates run to $45,000 to fix the columns, and then the roof needs to be dealt with too. The Board of Aldermen will be voting on whether to apply for the MDAH Community Heritage Preservation Grant.


And a few shorts to finish us out:

  • Four summer fellow from the Classical Institute of the South, a New Orleans-based non-profit, are in Columbus cataloging private collections in antebellum houses such as the Amzi Love House, taking photos and entering the objects into an online database that scholars can use for research. See The Dispatch for more.
  • The Mill in Starkville, a major renovation project in the old Cooley Building, has been given its Certificate of Occupancy, although the project is not completely finished. The Courtyard by Marriott should be open by October. See The Dispatch for more.
  • Starkville’s WCBI ran a story about preservation in Starkville, which you can see here: http://www.wcbi.com/uncategorized/video-preserving-history-in-starkville/.

Categories: Bridges, Leland


18 replies

  1. There is also a highway underpass on old highway 90 between Gautier and Ocean Springs built in the late 20’s. CSX railroad passes over it about 15 times a day.

    Liked by 1 person

  2. Correction…The co-founder of Greenville Lumber Company was Pete Sarullo, not Pete Saullo.


  3. There is also an underpass on Clinton Blvd. just west of Lakewood Cemetery. The road jogs south then curves back north to achieve this.


  4. Re: railroad overpass in Leland, it looks like there was an overpass for S. Main St. and it was previously demolished. The support structures remain on the side of the US 278 highway.


  5. News of the demolition of the old Moss Point City Hall and Waterworks has been surprisingly missing from local news outlets Sun Herald and MS Press. Very surprising because the Sun Herald is not one to miss a scandal. Or have I just missed these stories?


  6. There’s still an underpass in Clarksdale on 61.


  7. Perhaps of interest in the Jackson area is the very old underpass at the intersection of South Gallatin St. and West Porter St. Through the decades literally dozens of trucks have underestimated the height of the overpass and become jammed there requiring wreckers to remove them and usually doing heavy damage to the trailer. The underpass floods in heavy rain.

    To me at least, the most interesting one I have ever seen is on Old, Old,Hwy 49 (Miss-labeled by Google Earth) where it passes under the railroad and Hwy 80 at the same time. I took pics of this one. It is hard to find as Google Earth seems confused about the names of Hwy 49S, old Hwy 49S, and old old Hwy 49S. The coordinates are 32 16’46.93″N 90 10’01.44″N

    Liked by 3 people

    • Had forgotten both of those, but they’re great, if terrible for large vehicles. Thanks for reminding us of them. Maybe we need to do a photo essay on underpasses!


      • Yes, what a great idea! Maybe folks from all over Mississippi could send in their photos of underpasses and we can put together a grouping, sort of like the 101 places, by region. If they can identify year built and if it was a New Deal project, all the better!


  8. I think this is the one of which you speak:

    I find it very interesting as well. It’s only wide enough for one car at a time and it floods, too, even with that drain.


    • Google is calling that road Old Hwy. 49 S, but its street sign from Old Brandon Rd. calls it Old Hwy. 49 Ext. It’s calling the one that links with Hwy. 80, Old Hwy. 49 N.


  9. Thanks for commenting. I was not around at the time, but I am told that Old Brandon Rd. was the original Hwy 80, and that the old Hwy 49 that turns off it was the original Hwy 49. The next Hwy 49 (2nd built around 1937)) turns south off (new) Hwy 80 a few hundred feet east of I-55 and is also called old Hwy 49 .This ‘Old’ 49 and the other ‘Old’ 49 merge about 3/4 mile south of Hwy 80. The 3rd Hwy 49 appears to begin after crossing under I-20 and was the most recent one built. Apparently all three were built quite a few years apart. There is a Hwy 49 frontage road that follows this one and all the 3 above 49’s and the 49 frontage merge near Richland. This is as shown on Google Earth. Not sure how Google maps shows all this. Not sure how two cars could pass under the bridge at the same time, but it appears It appears it might be just enough for 2 Model T’s at about 5.5 ft. with a couple of feet to spare, but I wouldn’t want to try it. I know the 1st Hwy 49 was a 2 lane at one time, and I think still is. All this is subject to correction by anyone that knows more.

    Liked by 1 person

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