Mississippi Architects and Architecture from “The American School and University” 1928-1934

From 1928, the first year the American School Publishing Corporation in New York began publishing The American School and University: A Yearbook Devoted to the Design, Construction, Equipment, Utilization, and Maintenance of Educational Buildings and Grounds, until the Sixth Annual Edition in 1933-1934, the educational architecture journal published a section entitled “Architects for Educational Buildings.” According to the description taken from the 1928-1929 edition, which changed very little through the Sixth Annual Edition,

“The following directory is restricted to architects who, during the last five years [eventually changed to ‘since January 1, 1925’], have designed three or more school or college buildings costing over $50,000 each.

Many of these architects have, of course, handled during this period a much larger amount of work in the educational field than that shown. Space limitations, however, have necessitated the restricting of each architect to three listings, and the buildings mentioned are regarded as typical examples of the architects’ recent work…”

Beginning with the Seventh Annual Edition in 1935, The American School and University only listed architectural firms, not the buildings those firms constructed, which makes those annuals less interesting and useful but still with some value. Those listings will probably make their way into a future post, eventually. Thankfully, the Mitchell Memorial Library at Mississippi State University contains all the early annuals of The American School and University, a treasure trove of architectural writing that covers the Great Depression’s impact on architects and school construction, the struggle between Classicism and Modernism (with Modernism being personally championed by Philip Johnson), and many other issues.

Architects in Mississippi appear in every annual’s listing of educational architects, in varying numbers, even if Mississippi is neglected in the actual annuals. The following listings are copied exactly as written in The American School and University annuals, arranged chronologically and alphabetically as printed, with any clarifications bracketed and italicized.

1928-1929

Harry North Austin, Jackson

  • Administration Building, Millsaps College, Jackson
  • Men’s Dormitory, same
  • Library, same

Emmett J. Hull, Jackson

  • High School, Brookhaven
  • Chamberlain-Hunt Academy Group, Port Gibson
  • Gulfport Junior High School, St. Petersburg, Fla.

Wilfred S. Lockyer, Gulfport

  • New group of buildings, Harrison-Stone-Jackson Agricultural High School and Junior College, Perkinson, Miss.: Auditorium, Science Department, Boys’ Dormitory, Girls’ Dormitory, Gymnasium, Power-house, New Dining Room and Modern Kitchen

Shaw & Woleben, Gulfport

  • Central Elementary School, Gulfport
  • Pascagoula High School, Pascagoula
  • Long Beach School, Long Beach

Vinson B. Smith, Jr., Gulfport

  • Three buildings, Mississippi State Teachers College, Hattiesburg
  • Two buildings, Industrial Training School, Columbus

J. M. Spain, Jackson

  • Administration Building, Blue Mountain College, Blue Mountain
  • Boys’ Dormitory, Mississippi College, Clinton
  • Administration Building, Hinds County Junior College, Raymond

1929-1930 – Second Annual Edition

Harry North Austin, Jackson

  • Administration Building, Millsaps College, Jackson
  • Men’s Dormitory, same
  • Library, same

Emmett J. Hull, Jackson

  • High School, Brookhaven
  • Chamberlain-Hunt Academy Group, Port Gibson
  • Gulfport Junior High School, St. Petersburg, Fla.

P. J. Krouse, Meridian

  • High School Building, Natchez
  • Junior High School, Laurel
  • M. S. C. W. [Mississippi State College for Women] Group, Columbus: Dormitory, Dining Hall, Physical Education, Administration

Wilfred S. Lockyer, Gulfport

  • New group of buildings, Harrison-Stone-Jackson Agricultural High School and Junior College, Perkinson, Miss.: Auditorium, Science Department, Boys’ Dormitory, Girls’ Dormitory, Gymnasium, Power-house, new dining room and modern kitchen

Shaw & Woleben, Gulfport

  • Central Elementary School, Gulfport
  • Pascagoula High School, Pascagoula
  • Long Beach School, Long Beach

Vinson B. Smith, Jr., Gulfport

  • Three buildings, Mississippi State Teachers College, Hattiesburg
  • Two buildings, Industrial Training School, Columbus

J. M. Spain, Jackson

  • Administration Building, Blue Mountain College, Blue Mountain
  • Boys’ Dormitory, Mississippi College, Clinton
  • Administration Building, Hinds County Junior College, Raymond

1930-1931 – Third Annual Edition

Harry North Austin, Jackson

  • Library, Millsaps College, Jackson
  • Science Building, Millsaps College, Jackson
  • Women’s Building, Millsaps College, Jackson

Frank P. Gates Co., Jackson

  • School of Education and Demonstration High School, University of Mississippi
  • Graduate School Building, University of Mississippi
  • Law School Building, University of Mississippi

Emmett J. Hull, Jackson

  • Copiah-Lincoln Junior College, Wesson
  • Sealman Junior High School, St. Petersburg, Fla.
  • Newhebron High School, Newhebron

P. J. Krouse, Meridian

  • High School Building, Natchez
  • M. S. C. W. [Mississippi State College for Women] Group, Columbus: Dormitory, Dining Hall, Physical Education, Administration
  • High School, Clarksdale

C. H. Lindsley, Jackson

  • Home Economics and Hygiene Building, Mississippi State College for Women, Columbus
  • Agricultural Experiment Station, Agricultural and Mechanical College, Starkville
  • Administration Building, Delta State Teachers College, Cleveland

Wilfred S. Lockyer, Gulfport

  • New group of buildings, Harrison-Stone-Jackson Agricultural High School and Junior College, Perkinson, Miss.: Auditorium, Science Department, Boys’ Dormitory, Girls’ Dormitory, Gymnasium, Power-house, new dining room and modern kitchen

Shaw & Woleben, Gulfport

  • Central Elementary School, Gulfport
  • Long Beach School, Long Beach
  • Elementary School, Belzoni

Vinson B. Smith, Jr., Gulfport

  • Three buildings, Mississippi State Teachers College, Hattiesburg
  • Two buildings, Industrial Training School, Columbus

J. M. Spain, Jackson

  • Administration Building, Blue Mountain College, Blue Mountain
  • Houston School, Houston
  • Boys’ Dormitory, Mississippi College, Clinton

W. A. Stanton, Vicksburg

  • Carr Junior High School, Vicksburg
  • Jett and Culkin Vocational Schools, Warren County
  • Oak Ridge School, Warren County

1931-1932 – Fourth Annual Edition

Harry North Austin, Jackson

  • Library, Millsaps College, Jackson
  • Science Building, Millsaps College, Jackson
  • Women’s Building, Millsaps College, Jackson

Frank P. Gates Co., Jackson

  • School of Education and Demonstration High School, University of Mississippi
  • Graduate School Building, University of Mississippi
  • Law School Building, University of Mississippi

Hull & Malvaney, Jackson

  • Newton High School, Newton
  • Cleveland High School, Cleveland
  • Copiah-Lincoln Junior College Buildings, Wesson

P. J. Krouse, Meridian

  • High School Building, Natchez
  • M. S. C. W. [Mississippi State College for Women] Group, Columbus: Dormitory, Dining Hall, Physical Education, Administration
  • High School, Clarksdale

C. H. Lindsley, Jackson

  • Home Economics and Hygiene Building, Mississippi State College for Women, Columbus
  • Agricultural Experiment Station, Agricultural and Mechanical College, Starkville
  • Administration Building, Delta State Teachers College, Cleveland

Wilfred S. Lockyer, Gulfport

  • New group of buildings, Harrison-Stone-Jackson Agricultural High School and Junior College, Perkinson, Miss.: Auditorium, Science Department, Boys’ Dormitory, Girls’ Dormitory, Gymnasium, Power-house, new dining room and modern kitchen

N. W. Overstreet, Jackson

  • E. E. Bass Junior High School, Greenville
  • Booneville High School, Booneville
  • Brooklyn Academic Building, Brooklyn

Shaw & Woleben, Gulfport

  • Central Elementary School, Gulfport
  • Long Beach School, Long Beach
  • Elementary School, Belzoni

Vinson B. Smith, Jr., Gulfport

  • Three buildings, Mississippi State Teachers College, Hattiesburg
  • Two buildings, Industrial Training School, Columbus

J. M. Spain, Jackson

  • Administration Building, Blue Mountain College, Blue Mountain
  • Houston School, Houston
  • Drew High School, Drew

W. A. Stanton, Vicksburg

  • Carr Junior High School, Vicksburg
  • Oak Ridge School, Warren County
  • All Saints College (dormitory and auditorium) [Vicksburg]

1932-1933 – Fifth Annual Edition

Harry North Austin, Jackson

  • Library, Millsaps College, Jackson
  • Science Building, Millsaps College, Jackson
  • Women’s Building, Millsaps College, Jackson

Frank P. Gates Co., Jackson

  • School of Education and Demonstration High School, University of Mississippi
  • Graduate School Building, University of Mississippi
  • Law School Building, University of Mississippi

Hull & Malvaney, Jackson

  • Newton High School, Newton
  • Duncan High School, Duncan
  • Tougaloo College Group, Tougaloo

P. J. Krouse, Meridian

  • High School Building, Natchez
  • M. S. C. W. [Mississippi State College for Women] Group, Columbus: Dormitory, Dining Hall, Physical Education, Administration
  • High School, Clarksdale

C. H. Lindsley, Jackson

  • Home Economics and Hygiene Building, Mississippi State College for Women, Columbus
  • Agricultural Experiment Station, Agricultural and Mechanical College, Starkville
  • Administration Building, Delta State Teachers College, Cleveland

Wilfred S. Lockyer, Gulfport

  • New group of buildings, Harrison-Stone-Jackson Agricultural High School and Junior College, Perkinson, Miss.: Auditorium, Science Department, Boys’ Dormitory, Girls’ Dormitory, Gymnasium, Power-house, new dining room and modern kitchen

N. W. Overstreet, Jackson

  • E. E. Bass Junior High School, Greenville
  • Booneville High School, Booneville
  • Brooklyn Academic Building, Brooklyn

Shaw & Woleben, Gulfport

  • Central Elementary School, Gulfport
  • Long Beach School, Long Beach
  • Elementary School, Belzoni

Vinson B. Smith, Jr., Gulfport

  • Three buildings, Mississippi State Teachers College, Hattiesburg
  • Two buildings, Industrial Training School, Columbus
  • Administration Building, Perkinson Agricultural School and Junior College, Perkinson

J. M. Spain, Jackson

  • Administration Building, Blue Mountain College, Blue Mountain
  • Houston School, Houston
  • Drew High School, Drew

W. A. Stanton, Vicksburg

  • Carr Junior High School, Vicksburg
  • Oak Ridge School, Warren County
  • All Saints College (dormitory and auditorium), Vicksburg

1933-1934 – Sixth Annual Edition

Frank P. Gates Co., Jackson

  • School of Education and Demonstration High School, University of Mississippi
  • Graduate School Building, University of Mississippi
  • Law School Building, University of Mississippi

Hull & Drummond, Jackson

  • Newhebron High School, Newhebron, Miss.
  • Lealman Junior High School, St. Petersburg, Fla.
  • Copiah-Lincoln Junior College, Wesson, Miss.

C. H. Lindsley, Jackson

  • Home Economics and Hygiene Building, Mississippi State College for Women, Columbus
  • Agricultural Experiment Station, Agricultural and Mechanical College, Starkville
  • Administration Building, Delta State Teachers College, Cleveland

Wilfred S. Lockyer, Gulfport

  • New group of buildings, Harrison-Stone-Jackson Agricultural High School and Junior College, Perkinson, Miss.: Auditorium, Science Department, Boys’ Dormitory, Girls’ Dormitory, Gymnasium, Power-house, new dining room and modern kitchen

N. W. Overstreet, Jackson

  • E. E. Bass Junior High School, Greenville
  • Booneville High School, Booneville
  • Brooklyn Academic Building, Brooklyn

Vinson B. Smith, Jr., Gulfport

  • Three buildings, Mississippi State Teachers College, Hattiesburg
  • Two buildings, Industrial Training School, Columbus
  • Administration Building, Perkinson Agricultural School and Junior College, Perkinson

W. A. Stanton, Vicksburg

  • Carr Junior High School, Vicksburg
  • Oak Ridge School, Warren County
  • All Saints College (dormitory and auditorium), Vicksburg

Hopefully this list, though it only covers a short six years of The American School and University annual and only around nine years of actual built projects in Mississippi, can provide a glimpse at the variety of educational projects constructed in the state during the late 1920s and early 1930s. The list also will hopefully provide insight at the fluidity of some architectural practices and, especially evident in the Sixth Annual Edition, the attrition rate among architects due to the damaging effects of the Great Depression.

—————————–

Related Posts: Mississippi’s Outstanding Post-War Schools (Aug 3, 2009)



Categories: Architectural Research, Belzoni, Blue Mountain, Books, Booneville, Brookhaven, Clarksdale, Cleveland, Clinton, Columbus, Greenville, Gulfport, Hattiesburg, Historic Preservation, Houston, Jackson, Laurel, Long Beach, Meridian, Natchez, Newton, Pascagoula, Port Gibson, Raymond, Schools, Universities/Colleges, Vicksburg, Wesson

2 replies

  1. It’s interesting to me to see how many of these firms were in Gulfport!

    Seems like 90% of those listed were there or (of course) in Jackson. Only a few others elsewhere (Vicksburg, Meridian). Emergence of the car makes it somewhat easier to get around the state by the late 20s? Firms (at least the ambitious ones listed here) thus tend to be a bit less spread out around the state as we get deeper into the 20th cen., seems like.

    Like

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  1. Out-of-State Architects and Mississippi Architecture from “The American School and University” 1928-1934 | Preservation in Mississippi

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